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Electrician combat series plumber skills and practical skills

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  • Data category: Electric Power
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Electrician combat series plumber skills and practical skillsPublished time: 2017
Series edited items: Introduction to the series of practical electrician books This book focuses on the construction steps, installation methods and precautions of various hydropower installation projects. The specific content includes basic knowledge of plumbers, basic operation skills of plumbers, indoor water supply systems, indoor drainage systems, heating systems, outdoor water supply, drainage and heat pipe systems, basic operation skills of electricians, indoor wiring engineering, and electrical lighting devices. Installation and plumber safety technology. This book is suitable for self-study of hydropower installation and maintenance personnel with junior high school education or above. It also has reference value for engineering and technical personnel and management personnel engaged in construction and hydropower. It can also be used as a teaching reference book for various short-term training courses and reemployment engineering training.
Chapter 1 Basic knowledge of plumbers
1.1 Common tools for plumbers (foremen) 1
1.1.1 Pipe clamp 1
1.1.2 Chain pliers 2
1.1.3 Pipe bench vise 2
1.1.4 bench vise 3
1.1.5 Pipe cutter 4
1.1.6 Hacksaw 4
1.1.7 Pipe hinge plate 5
1.1.8 Electric sleeve thread (wire) pipe cutting machine 6
1.1.9 Manual pipe bender 6
1.1.10 Hydraulic pipe bender 7
1.1.11 Electric pipe bender 7
1.2 Common tools for electricians 8
1.2.1 Electric pen 8
1.2.2 Screwdriver 9
1.2.3 Wire Pliers 10
1.2.4 Needle-nose pliers 11
1.2.5 Electrician's Knife 12
1.2.6 Live Wrench 13
1.2.7 Hammer 14
1.2.8 Bitch 15
1.2.9 Crimping Pliers 17
1.2.10 Tightening device 18
1.2.11 Electrician Safety Belt 19
1.2.12 Foot buckle 20
1.3 Common Power Tools 22
1.3.1 Electric drill 22
1.3.2 Impact Electric Drill 24
1.3.3 Electric Hammer 25
1.3.4 Grinding wheel cutting machine 27
1.4 Commonly Used Pipes and Fittings 28
1.4.1 Steel pipes and fittings 28
1.4.2 Cast Iron Pipes and Fittings 29
1.4.3 Plastic pipes and fittings 32
1.5 Common conductive materials 35
1.5.1 Bare wires 35
1.5.2 Insulated Wires 36
1.5.3 Cable 37
1.6 Common Insulating Materials 38
1.6.1 Commonly Used Films for Electricians 38
1.6.2 Adhesive tapes commonly used by electricians 38
Chapter 2 Basic Operation Skills of Plumbers
2.1 Preparation of pipes 40
2.1.1 Straightening of Steel Pipes 40
2.1.2 Cutting of pipes 42
2.1.3 Bending of Steel Pipes
2.1.4 Bending of rigid plastic pipes 46
2.1.5 Machining of Pipe Threads
2.2 Pipe Connections 48
2.2.1 Threaded Connections
2.2.2 Union Connection 50
2.2.3 Flange connection 50
2.2.4 Socket Connections
2.2.5 Welding
2.2.6 Plastic pipe connection 58
2.2.7 Aluminum-plastic pipe connection
2.3 Preparation and installation of pre-buried and pipeline support hangers 68
2.3.1 Construction and installation of casing 68
2.3.2 Holes reserved 70
2.3.3 Embedding
2.3.4 Forms of Pipe Supports
2.3.5 Installation Method of Pipe Support 74
2.3.6 Construction Requirements for Pipe Supports 76
Chapter 3 Indoor Water Supply System
3.1 Overview of Indoor Water Supply System 78
3.1.1 Classification of Indoor Water Supply Systems 78
3.1.2 Composition of Indoor Water Supply System 78
3.1.3 Water supply methods for indoor water supply systems 79
3.1.4 Indoor Hot Water System 81
3.2 Layout and Installation of Indoor Water Supply Pipelines 82
3.2.1 Intake Pipe and Water Meter Nodes
3.2.2 The layout of indoor water supply pipes
3.2.3 Formal Features and Application Scope of Indoor Water Supply Pipeline 84
3.2.4 Installation of Indoor Water Supply Pipes 85
3.2.5 Special treatment of indoor water supply pipes 89
3.3 Construction and installation of main equipment and accessories of water supply system 90
3.3.1 Installation of pump room equipment
3.3.2 Valve Installation
3.3.3 Water Meter Installation
3.4 Testing of indoor water supply systems 96
3.4.1 Water pressure test of water supply pipelines
3.4.2 Flushing and Disinfection of Water Supply Pipes
3.5 Indoor fire protection system 98
3.5.1 Composition of indoor hydrant water supply system 98
3.5.2 Arrangement of indoor fire hydrants 101
3.5.3 Arrangement of Indoor Fire Water Supply Pipes 101
3.5.4 Installation of common water tanks for living and fire fighting 102
3.5.5 Installation of Indoor Fire Hydrants
3.5.6 Installation of sprinkler systems
Chapter 4 Indoor Drainage System
4.1 Overview of Indoor Drainage System 109
4.1.1 Classification of Indoor Drainage System 109
4.1.2 Composition of indoor drainage system 109
4.2 Installation of Indoor Drainage Pipes 111
4.2.1 Installation of the discharge pipe
4.2.2 Installation of drainage risers
4.2.3 Installation of drainage lateral branch pipes
4.2.4 Connection of cast iron drainage pipes
4.3 Installation of sanitary ware 114
4.3.1 Sanitary ware installation precautions 114
4.3.2 Buying Sanitary Ware Tips 115
4.3.3 Installation of squat toilets 115
4.3.4 Installation of a sitting toilet
4.3.5 Urinal Installation
4.3.6 Washbasin Installation 121
4.3.7 Bathtub Installation
4.3.8 Shower Installation
4.3.9 Installation of the sink 127
4.3.10 Floor Drain Installation 128
4.4 Drainage Piping System Test 128
4.4.1 Drainage pipe irrigation (closed) water test 128
4.4.2 Passage Ball Test of Drainage Pipe 129
4.4.3 Water drainage test of drainage pipes and sanitary wares 130
Chapter 5 Heating System
5.1 Overview of Indoor Heating Systems
5.1.1 Classification of indoor heating systems 131
5.1.2 Components of a hot water heating system 132
5.1.3 Composition and scope of natural circulation hot water heating system 133
5.1.4 Composition and scope of mechanical circulating hot water heating system 134
5.1.5 Same-range hot water heating system and off-range hot water heating system 134
5.1.6 Hot water heating system layout and return water method 135
5.2 Installation of indoor heating pipes and auxiliary equipment 136
5.2.1 Preparations Before Installation
5.2.2 Basic technical requirements for indoor heating pipe installation 137
5.2.3 Laying slope and aspect of supply and return pipes 137
5.2.4 Installation of accessories
5.2.5 Main Riser Installation
5.2.6 Installation of heating mains 139
5.2.7 Installation of heating riser 140
5.2.8 Branch Pipe Installation
5.2.9 Casing Installation
5.2.10 Production and installation of expansion water tanks 143
5.3 Installing the heat sink 144
5.3.1 Types of Radiators
5.3.2 Technical Requirements for Radiator Installation 144
5.3.3 Selection of Radiator Installation Position 145
5.3.4 Radiator Set Pairs 145
5.3.5 Single group hydraulic pressure test of radiator 147
5.3.6 Precautions for radiator installation 147
5.3.7 Installation of Post Radiator
5.3.8 Installation of Airfoil Radiator
5.3.9 Forms and Characteristics of Floor Radiant Heating 149
5.3.10 Installation of low temperature hot water floor radiation system 150
5.4 Testing of heating systems 152
5.4.1 Strength test of heating system 152
5.4.2 Heating system pipe flushing 153
5.4.3 Heating program and debugging method of heating system 153
Chapter 6 Outdoor Water Supply, Drainage and Thermal Pipe Network Systems
6.1 Outdoor Water Supply Network System 154
6.1.1 Installation of outdoor water supply pipes
6.1.2 Installation of auxiliary equipment for outdoor water supply pipes
6.1.3 Test of outdoor water supply network system 159
6.2 Outdoor Drainage Network System 161
6.2.1 Relevant regulations for outdoor drainage pipeline installation 161
6.2.2 Laying sequence and laying requirements of outdoor drainage pipes 162
6.2.3 Installation of outdoor drainage pipes
6.2.4 Test of outdoor drainage network system 164
6.3 Outdoor Thermal Pipe Network System 166
6.3.1 Conditions for heating pipeline installation 166
6.3.2 Preparations before construction of heating pipelines 166
6.3.3 Basic requirements for heating pipe installation 166
6.3.4 Trench laying for heating pipes 167
6.3.5 Direct laying of heating pipes 168
6.3.6 Overhead laying of heating pipes 168
6.3.7 Test and trial operation of heating piping systems 169
Chapter 7 Basic Operation Skills for Electricians
7.1 Use of Common Electrical Meters 172
7.1.1 Use of Analog Multimeter 172
7.1.2 Use of Digital Multimeters
7.1.3 Use of Clamp Ammeters
7.1.4 Use of Insulation Resistance Meters
7.2 Stripping of the wire insulation layer 183
7.3 Wire Connections
7.3.1 Direct connection of copper conductors
7.3.2 Branch Connections of Copper Conductors
7.3.3 Crimping of aluminum conductors 188
7.3.4 Connection of single-core insulated conductors in the junction box
7.3.5 Connection of Multicore Insulated Conductor in Junction Box
7.4 Connecting Multiple Stranded Wires to Terminal Blocks 191
7.5 Connection of Leads to Terminal Blocks
7.5.1 Connection of Conductors to Flat-Type Terminal Blocks
7.5.2 Connection of Conductors to Pinhole Terminal Blocks
7.5.3 Connection of Conductors to Tile Terminals
7.6 Insulation treatment after wire connection 193
7.6.1 Wrapping after the wires are connected straight
7.6.2 Wrapping of Wire Branches
7.6.3 Heat Shrink Tube Method
7.6.4 Method with Crimping Cap
Chapter 8 Indoor Wiring Engineering
8.1 Overview of Indoor Wiring
8.1.1 Basic Requirements for Indoor Wiring
8.1.2 Construction Procedures for Indoor Wiring
8.2 Insulator Wiring
8.2.1 Insulator fixing
8.2.2 Binding of Conductors to Insulators
8.2.3 Insulator Wiring Methods and Precautions
8.3 Wire trunking 201
8.3.1 Types of Wire Slots 201
8.3.2 Metal trunking wiring 202
8.3.3 Plastic trunking wiring 204
8.4 Plastic Sheathed Wire Wiring 205
8.4.1 Positioning and fixing of plastic sheathed wires 205
8.4.2 Laying of plastic sheathed wire 206
8.4.3 Methods and precautions for wiring of plastic sheathed wires 207
8.5 Conduit Wiring
8.5.1 Conduit Selection
8.5.2 Method steps for wire processing 207
8.5.3 Conduit Connections
8.5.4 Open Pipe Laying 210
8.5.5 Concealed Pipe Laying 212
8.5.6 Threading the Conduit 214
8.5.7 Precautions for Conduit Wiring 215
8.6 Cable wiring 216
8.6.1 General requirements for cable wiring 216
8.6.2 Installation of Steel Cable Hanging Pipe Wiring
8.6.3 Installation of Steel Sheath Plastic Sheath Wire Wiring 218
8.7 Cable Laying 218
8.7.1 Bridge laying of cables 218
8.7.2 Cable Passage Protection 219
8.7.3 Arrangement of Cables in Shafts
8.7.4 Installation of cable support and laying of cables on the support 220
Chapter 9 Installation of Electrical Lighting
9.1 Overview of Electrical Lighting
9.1.1 Classification of Electrical Lighting
9.1.2 Requirements for the quality of electrical lighting 224
9.2 Installation and Use of Common Electrical Lighting 225
9.2.1 Incandescent lamps
9.2.2 Fluorescent Lights
9.2.3 High-pressure mercury lamp 230
9.2.4 Tungsten Halogen Lamps
9.2.5 LED Light 232
9.3 Types and Selection of Lighting 234
9.3.1 Types of Lighting Fixtures
9.3.2 Selection of Common Lighting Fixtures
9.4 Installation of Lighting Fixtures
9.4.1 Basic requirements for installing lighting fixtures 238
9.4.2 Operating conditions for lighting fixture installation 238
9.4.3 Arrangement of Lighting Fixtures
9.4.4 Installation of chandelier 240
9.4.5 Installation of Ceiling Lights
9.4.6 Installation of Recessed Lighting Fixtures
9.4.7 Installation of Wall Lights
9.4.8 Downlight Installation
9.4.9 Installation of emergency lighting
9.5 Installation of Common Outdoor Lighting
9.5.1 Installation of Building Lanterns
9.5.2 Installation of Landscape Lights
9.5.3 Installation of Small Courtyard Poles 249
9.5.4 Installation of temporary lighting devices at the construction site 249
9.6 Switch and Socket Installation
9.6.1 Switch Installation
9.6.2 Socket Installation
Chapter 10 Plumber Safety Technology
10.1 Grounding and Zeroing 253
10.1.1 Overview of Grounding and Zeroing
10.1.2 Common Grounding Methods
10.1.3 Precautions for Grounding and Zeroing
10.2 Grounding Devices
10.2.1 Composition of grounding devices 255
10.2.2 Types and characteristics of grounding bodies 256
10.2.3 Ground Resistance 256
10.2.4 Installation of vertical grounding body 257
10.2.5 Installation of Horizontal Grounding Body
10.2.6 Precautions for Ground Wire Installation
10.2.7 Selection and Installation Precautions for Grounding Devices 259
10.3 Hydropower Construction Safety Technology 260
10.3.1 Requirements for safe operation of plumbers (foremen) 260
10.3.2 Construction Safety at Height
10.3.3 Safety technical regulations for lifting operations 261
10.4 Safe Electricity
10.4.1 Forms of Current Harm to the Human Body
10.4.2 Safe Current and Safe Voltage
10.4.3 General Knowledge of Safe Electricity
10.4.4 Types of Electric Shock
10.4.5 Measures to Prevent Electric Shock 266
10.4.6 Electric shock first aid 267
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电工实战丛书水电工技能速成与实战技巧 Download Electrician actual combat series plumber skills and practical skills

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