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Practical Handbook of Stainless Steel Welding and Welding Materials

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  • Data Category: Metal Craft
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Practical Manual of Stainless Steel Welding and Welding Materials Published: 2015 Edition Introduction The Practical Manual of Stainless Steel Welding and Welding Materials introduces the development and evolution of stainless steel, the types and properties of stainless steel, the role of various chemical elements in stainless steel, and the types of Welding methods, precautions, etc., have given people a comprehensive understanding of stainless steel and its welding. It also introduces the types, grades, chemical compositions, mechanical properties and other special properties, selection principles and various welding methods of various welding materials such as welding rods, solid welding wires, flux-cored welding wires, welding tapes, and fluxes involved in stainless steel welding The advantages, disadvantages, and application scopes provide a basis for the user to formulate welding process specifications. This manual also features a large number of application examples based on the relevant content of each chapter for users to refer to when welding stainless steel. This book can be used as a reference for stainless steel welding design, research, production management, inspection and other personnel as well as production units for stainless steel welding materials. It can also be used as a teaching reference book for colleges and universities.
Chapter 1 Introduction 1
1.1 The development of stainless steel 1
1.2 Types and properties of stainless steel 2
1.2.1 Classification according to main chemical composition (mainly added elements in stainless steel) 3
1.2.2 Classification by Use 3
1.2.3 Classification by Organization 3
1.3 The role of various elements in stainless steel 8
1.3.1 Influence of ferrite-forming elements 9
1.3.2 Effect of austenite-forming elements 10
1.3.3 Influence of carbide-forming elements 13
1.3.4 Effects of impurities and gas elements on the performance of stainless steel and its welds 15
1.4 Measurement of stainless steel structure and ferrite volume 18
1.4.1 Ferrite and σ phase in stainless steel weld metal 19
1.4.2 Organization chart of stainless steel 20
1.4.3 Measurement of Ferrite Content 22
1.5 Status and Development of China's Stainless Steel Welding Materials Industry 25
1.5.1 Growth of apparent stainless steel consumption in China 25
1.5.2 Development Trend of Demand for Stainless Steel Welding Materials in China 25
1.5.3 Technical Level of Stainless Steel Welding Materials in China 25
1.5.4 Application of stainless steel welding materials 27
1.5.5 Status Quo of Domestic Stainless Steel Welding Material Manufacturing Enterprises 27
1.5.6 Development Trend of Stainless Steel Welding Materials in China 27
References 27
Chapter 2 Stainless Steel Electrodes 28
2.1 Types and grades of stainless steel electrodes 28
2.1.1 Stainless steel electrode type 28
2.1.2 Stainless steel electrode grade 33
2.2 Types of stainless steel electrodes and welding precautions 36
2.2.1 Types of stainless steel electrodes 36
2.2.2 Precautions for welding stainless steel electrodes 38
2.2.3 Common defects and preventive measures of welded joints 40
2.3 Performance of typical stainless steel electrodes 42
References 53
Chapter 3 Stainless Steel Solid Wires 54
3.1 Types and Grades of Stainless Steel Solid Welding Wires 54
3.1.1 Type 54 of solid stainless steel welding wire
3.1.2 Stainless steel solid welding wire grade 62
3.2 Performance of solid wire for stainless steel gas shielded welding 64
3.2.1 Stainless steel gas shielded welding gas 66
3.2.2 Performance of TIG welding of stainless steel 68
3.2.3 Performance of stainless steel MIG welding 70
3.3 Performance of stainless steel submerged arc welding solid wire / flux 73
3.3.1 Characteristics of stainless steel submerged arc welding 73
3.3.2 Stainless steel submerged arc welding solid wire 74
3.3.3 Flux for stainless steel submerged arc welding 74
References 81
Chapter 4 Flux Cored Wire for Stainless Steel 82
4.1 Overview of Stainless Steel Flux Cored Wire 82
4.1.1 Development Status of Stainless Steel Flux Cored Wire 82
4.1.2 Features of stainless steel flux-cored wire 82
4.1.3 Classification of Stainless Steel Flux Cored Wires 84
4.1.4 Manufacturing process of stainless steel flux cored wire 84
4.2 Types and Grades of Stainless Steel Flux Cored Wires 86
4.2.1 Type 86 of stainless steel flux cored wire
4.2.2 Stainless steel flux-cored wire grade 87
4.3 Performance of Typical Stainless Steel Flux Cored Wires 88
4.3.1 Chemical composition 88
4.3.2 Mechanical properties 92
4.3.3 Properties of deposited metal
4.3.4 High temperature performance 93
4.4 Welding theory of stainless steel flux-cored wire 93
4.4.1 Effect of CO2 content in shielding gas on carbon content of deposited metal
4.4.2 Effect of ferrite content on mechanical properties of weld metal 94
4.4.3 Effect of C and N content on mechanical properties of weld metal 94
4.5 Precautions for using stainless steel flux-cored wire 95
4.5.1 Storage conditions 95
4.5.2 Preparation before welding
4.5.3 Welding Process Control
4.5.4 Wet wire treatment method 96
4.6 Development and Application of Stainless Steel Flux Cored Wires 96
4.6.1 Product Development 96
4.6.2 Product Application 97
4.7 Stainless steel flux cored wire for gas shielded welding 98
4.7.1 Product Introduction 98
4.7.2 Product Features 98
4.7.3 Model and grade 99
4.7.4 Engineering application examples 100
4.8 Metal powder stainless steel welding wire 107
4.8.1 Product Introduction 107
4.8.2 Product Features 108
4.8.3 Product Classification 109
4.8.4 Type of welding wire 110
4.8.5 Flux-cored submerged arc welding wire and flux 112
4.9 Back-free argon-free stainless steel flux cored argon arc welding wire 112
4.9.1 Product Introduction
4.9.2 Product Features 112
4.9.3 Model and grade 113
4.9.4 Typical Products 113
4.9.5 Engineering application examples 113
4.10 Self-protected stainless steel flux cored wire 116
4.10. Product Introduction
4.10. Product Features 116
4.10.3 Model and grade 117
4.10.4 Typical Products 117
Chapter 5 Stainless Steel Welding Strips 118
5.1 Overview of Stainless Steel Strip Pole Welding 118
5.1.1 Development overview of stainless steel strip electrode surfacing 118
5.1.2 Classification of stainless steel strip electrode surfacing 119
5.1.3 Selection of electrode welding method 122
5.2 Model and grade of stainless steel welding tape 122
5.2.1 Type 122 of stainless steel welding tape
5.2.2 Grade 123 of stainless steel welding tape
5.3 Features of Stainless Steel Welding Tape / Flux 125
5.3.1 Welding tape for electrode surfacing 125
5.3.2 Flux for electrode surfacing 127
5.4 Performance of stainless steel strip electrode overlay metal 129
5.4.1 Surfacing metal type 129
5.4.2 Matching of surfacing metal and welding strip 130
5.4.3 Ferrite 131
5.4.4 Quality problems and control measures of stainless steel strip electrode surfacing
5.4.5 Specification parameters for stainless steel strip electrode surfacing 139
5.5 Engineering Application of Stainless Steel Strip Electrode Surfacing 143
5.5.1 Application of Austenitic Stainless Steel Strip Welding 143
5.5.2 Application of Dual Phase Stainless Steel Strip Pole Welding 150
References 153
Chapter 6 Selection of Stainless Steel Welding Materials 154
6.1 Welding of austenitic stainless steel 154
6.1.1 Welding characteristics of austenitic stainless steel 154
6.1.2 Selection of Austenitic Stainless Steel Welding Materials 157
6.1.3 Application examples of austenitic stainless steel welding 162
6.2 Welding of ferritic stainless steel 182
6.2.1 Welding characteristics and material selection of ferritic stainless steel 183
6.2.2 Ferritic stainless steel welding application 190
6.3 Welding of Martensitic Stainless Steel 195
6.3.1 Welding characteristics and material selection of martensitic stainless steel 197
6.3.2 Martensitic stainless steel welding application 206
6.4 Welding of duplex stainless steel 210
6.4.1 Introduction to duplex stainless steel 210
6.4.2 Welding characteristics of duplex stainless steel and welding material selection 214
6.4.3 Duplex stainless steel welding application 220
6.5 Welding of precipitation hardened stainless steel 222
6.5.1 Classification of precipitation hardened stainless steel 222
6.5.2 Precipitation hardening stainless steel welding characteristics and welding material selection 224
6.5.3 Welding application of precipitation hardened stainless steel 229
6.6 Welding of super stainless steel 230
6.6.1 Basic Concepts of Super Stainless Steel 230
6.6.2 Basic Types of Super Stainless Steel 231
6.7 Welding of stainless steel and dissimilar steel 241
6.7.1 Overview of dissimilar metal welding 242
6.7.2 Welding of dissimilar steels 249
6.7.3 Welding of composite steel plates 256
6.7.4 Application status of stainless steel welding materials in dissimilar steel welding 259
References 299
Chapter 7 Development and Application of Foreign Stainless Steel Welding Materials 301
7.1 Ultra-low temperature stainless steel welding materials for LNG 301
7.1.1 Resilience requirements 301
7.1.2 Welding process methods and factors affecting weld metal toughness 302
7.1.3 Ultra-low temperature stainless steel welding materials for LNG 303
7.2 Austenitic heat-resistant steel welding materials for petrochemical and power station industries 305
7.2.1 Development progress of austenitic heat-resistant steel 305
7.2.2 Welding materials for ordinary austenitic heat-resistant steel 308
7.2.3 New austenitic heat-resistant steel welding materials for boilers 308
7.3 Development of bismuth-free flux-cored wire working at high temperature 309
7.4 Development of low-smoke, low-spatter environment-friendly stainless steel flux cored wire
7.4.1 Stainless steel welding consumables with special characteristics in welding process performance 312
7.4.2 Development of Nitrogen-containing Stainless Steel Welding Material Series 313
7.4.3 Special special welding materials 313
7.4.4 Strengthen quality control, keep improving products 316
Addendum 317
Appendix 1 Recommendations and Introductions of Major Domestic Stainless Steel Welding Materials Manufacturers
Appendix 2 Standards for Stainless Steel Welding Materials at Home and Abroad 338
Appendix 3 Domestic and International Standards for Stainless Steel Materials 338
Appendix 4 Related Welding Materials, Test Methods and Other Standards 341

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